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What are Some Famous Hacking Cases?

What are Some Famous Hacking Cases?

Whether or not hacking is tried as a Federal crime, some of the most famous cases involving hackers prove that hacking usually leaves some amount of damage behind. Take these cases and the hackers involved in them for example:
 
 
In 1983, seventeen-year-old hacker Kevin Poulsen infiltrated many different computer networking systems. He continued to hack into computers until he was caught in 1991. In 1994, he was sentenced to four years in prison. 
 
 
One of the most talented hackers reported in American history is Adrian Lamo. Adrian has been known to make his way into highly secured systems of big name businesses like McDonald's, AOL, Cingular, and even NBC's news network during an interview between a news anchor and himself.  Although under the Government's watch for years, this hacker is currently free and works as a computer expert in security. 
 
 
Hacker John Draper (a.k.a. The Cap'n Crunch) committed one of the first nationally-known hacks when he used a whistle that was obtained from a box of Cap'n Crunch cereal as a means to hack. Due to the whistle's pitch, it mimicked the tone of a phone receiver enabling him to access free phone calls. He was eventually found guilty and he spent two months in prison, though he would still bear the infamy of being one of the earliest hackers. 
 
 
In 1981, a computer mainframe owned by Pacific Bell (a Los Angeles-based phone company) was hacked by seventeen-year-old hacker Kevin Mitnick. He was able to obtain personal data, allowed himself free phone calls, and interfered with customers’ phone calls. 
 
 
He was eventually caught and spent three years in a correctional facility and had one year of probation. In 1983, Mitnick once again hacked into a computer system, only this time it was the Pentagon's. Mitnick was caught and sentenced to six months in a detention center, showing the dire penalties that await hackers when they are caught.       
 
 
Hacker Robert Tappen Morris is credited with creating one of the first known computer worms while a student at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The worm cost thousands of dollars worth of damage to the computers at the school, and yet, Robert Tappen Morris claims that he merely did it as an Internet experiment. After being caught, the court fined him in the amount of $10,050.00 and also had him perform four hundred hours of community service and three years of probation. Thus, though he might be considered the first among hackers, it is certainly a status which he would have gladly forfeited to have avoided the penalties he faced.

The Use of Hacking Software

The Use of Hacking Software

Hackers are always finding new and better hacking programs to provide additional ways to bypass security measures in order to infiltrate computer networks. Today, many sophisticated tools and hacking programs can be found on the web. These hacking programs enable hackers to find loopholes in security measures that are taken in order to prevent a breach in security on the Internet.
 
 
Some of the hacking software created in order to help hackers accomplish this comes in the form of hacking programs or hacking software. The irony is that many of the programs that help to enable hacking are also meant to provide security measures in regards to computer programming.
 
 
One hacking program that can be downloaded online is called Nmap. Nmap is a program that breaks down the network's map (or network's grid) and can be used on large scale networks as well as a single network. This is an example of a hacking program that would be able to help a user to better understand a program. It would also help them to identify the security devices used within a program to better infiltrate it.
 
 
There are also hacking programs that serve as a device to crack passwords. An example of this kind of hacking software would be JTR (John the Ripper). The purpose of JTR is to find Unix password codes and to crack them allowing access into normally restricted areas. Wireshark is another hacking software that, when installed, allows the user to sniff around in order to browse the networks' mainframes as well as to capture content.
 
 
Although there are debates over whether or not hacking software or hacking programs should be made illegal, many companies depend on these programs as a means to access computer systems and collect data, even from within their own company's network. This exemplifies how many times the software is actually used for ethical hacking. For example, if someone forgets their own password, the JTR program would help the user to locate their password. An illegal use of this kind of software would includ someone using a wifi hacking software in order to use their neighbor's wireless account.
 

How Does Hacking Work?

How Does Hacking Work?

As technology becomes more commonplace, some computer or technology enthusiasts often start to wonder how they can learn to hack. There are many ways to go about learning how to hack. Those interested may purchase books or researching the subject matter on how to hack on the internet. 
 
 
Others may take technical classes or acquire technical apprenticeships that may greatly increase their chances of finding out how to hack. Although these are effective courses of action that can be taken, there are some other basics steps that can be taken when one wants to learn to hack.
 
 
One of the first steps in order to learn to hack is to understand computer programs (programming). Once the use of computer programming is understood, it would be easier to understand computer languages of all different types, thus making it a significantly easier task to learn how to hack in general. For example: C, C+, C++, Java script, etc., are all different languages used when initializing and building computer programming systems. 
 
 
Once it is established how to build a computer program from the bottom up, it will become much easier to recognize codes and languages often used from within a computer's system.
 
 
The next step is run an operating system on the computer. Operating systems can be difficult to understand (for example: Linux or Unix). These programming systems will actually help you to access codes and to start building the programs itself. 
 
 
This can also be beneficial for anyone who wants to learn to hack by breaking the programs into codes. This will also help when reviewing computer codes that can be used in a computer program. Building codes can also be used in hacking.
 
 
When accomplishing these feats in order to learn to hack, it is also a wise idea to know how to write for the web specifically. In other words, learning web text like html, world wide web, etc., can help one learn how to hack in cyberspace. Learning how to program on a website can also help in protecting oneself from falling victim to a hacker online.
 
 
As far as hacking goes, there have been hackers who initiated other clever forms of hacking. For example, a famous hacker by the name of John Draper (aka Cap'n Crunch) used a whistle found in a cereal box that imitated the sound of a phone receiver in order to allow himself free phone calls from a phone company.

What Does Hacking Really Mean?

What Does Hacking Really Mean?

Many computer experts throw around the term "hacking" in general conversation. But what are the means of hacking or computer hacks? Hacking can be used in many different ways for a wide variety of purposes, from hacking programs to even more mundane means, like physical methods.
 
 
Many times a hack can simply be used as a short cut around something more difficult when working on a computer. For example, when a person claims to find a "trick" inside of a video game that perhaps most players may not be aware of, this can be an example of someone hacking a system by bypassing an obstacle using technology. 
 
 
Alternatively, however, a hacker might provide computer hacks for the same computer game by creating hack programs that actively alter and rewrite the parameters of that game to the hacker's desire.
 
 
Many people who are curious about hacking can also obtain hack programs. Hack programs can either teach the art of computer hacks or they can commit the hack itself. Hack programs can be downloaded and/or purchased, or sometimes they can be viewed for free via video tutorial on the internet.
 
 
Many times computer experts can let the curiosity of hack value overtake them. They will often wonder about computer systems and their hack value. A hack value becomes a challenge for computer wizards in achieving the accomplishment of completing a hack on a certain program or system that many other experts may not be able to, or it may block hack programs. In rare cases, the growing interest of hack values among computer experts has been known to grow into an obsession.
 
 
Although most of these scenarios are not considered anything that should cause concern, there are other occasions where computer hacks can be used for a more devious intention. Many criminals use the art of hacking into a computer as a means to illegally gather information that is not rightfully theirs as a means to steal, commit fraud, or to harass. Criminals will also use hacking as a way to wage attacks on people or even the government.
 
 
Many times, hackers are known to be spies or even terrorists that will hack in order to advance a cyber terrorist attack. A cyber terrorist attack is a serious threat that involves terrorist obtaining information using the computer and/or internet as a means to cause real world destruction.
 
 
Many argue that "cyberterrorism" is not a real threat and that the term is merely being confused with actual computerized threats that can be carried out. These attacks can include denial of services attacks and information warfare.
 
 
Both of these attacks may involve computer hacks and they are similar in nature in that they are both normally acted out when a criminal hacks into an account to obtain information to be used against an opposing party. However, denial of services attacks are more associated with harming a computer's function, whereas an information warfare attack is associated with exploiting someone's personal data as a means to create chaos via the internet/computer.
 

The Facts on Network Hacking

The Facts on Network Hacking

Many times the term hacking is used in reference to obtaining information as a means of trespassing into the victim’s private accounts (i.e. bank account, credit card accounts, etc.). However, hacking can also be used to find information in other areas of interest. Hacking can often take place via wireless hacking, which is a particular technique of hacking. Wireless hacking, or wifi hacking, is committed when a hacker obtains the victim’s wireless network signal and is able to use it for his/her own personal use.
 
 
Available wireless hacking software enables the hacker to decode the victim's network connection and then the hacker will actually intercept the connection. Other programs may help locate the signal in order to commit wifi hacking and crack the password used in order to gain access onto the victim's network.
 
 
Wireless network "sniffing" is another form where a hacker using a program via wireless connection. It is a form of eavesdropping on a wireless network in order to copy codes in the victim’s wireless service network. The hacker may also use sniffing as a device to collect addresses in order to spoof (or fake) a wireless connection.
 
 
Even though most wifi hacking involves computers, that is not always the case. A passive scanner is also another type of wifi hacking program that involves a hacker gaining access to the victim's radio channels. The scanner is contained on a wireless card and allows the hacker to be able to listen in on each radio channel for a few messages. 
 
 
Although some hackers are quite crafty when it comes to wireless hacking, there are ways to prevent becoming a victim of wireless hacking. One way is to obtain a secure wireless router. A good router will not allow unauthorized parties to access your wireless service network.
 
 
In choosing a router name and password, try using something more abstract and nothing too obvious that would help the intruder to gain access to your signal. You can also choose to hide your router name which will make it even harder for a hacker to identify your connection. Installing a WPA2 may also make it harder for hackers to decode your encryption code, making your network harder to attain and lessening the chance that wifi hacking will occur. By limiting how often you use your network, it will become less likely for your network to be identified.

Purpose of Hacking

Purpose of Hacking

When hacking began in the early 1950s, it began with a purpose of finding simple solutions or ways around technical problems when dealing with computing systems. The term “hacked” or “hacks” was first used by a professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology describing the situation when his technology students would look for short cuts, or even to perform it as an experiment. These kinds of experiments often served the purpose of making certain functions easier through technology. They were also curious to see what computing obstacles could be “hacked”, or bypassed, when using the computer as a tool for hacks.
Calculators and even video game systems can even be utilized as a common way to perform simple hacks (otherwise known as a “cool hack”). However, more recently, the purpose of hacking is normally associated with computer crimes and it is used as a means to commit more malicious actions (often referred to as an “ugly hack”).
Many computer crimes committed today involve the perpetrator hacking into accounts without authorization in order to obtain private information as a means to inconvenience, steal, or commit fraud against their victim(s). Hacked computer systems remain one of the most dangerous and frightening fears of the modern era, not least because often it is unclear that a computer system has been hacked until it is too late.
Computer fraud is one of the most common computer crimes, which involves a criminal illegally collecting secured information with the means to deceive, and it is often used a means to gain finances and/or materials.  A common form of computer fraud, involving hacks, is when a violator makes his/her way into a private account online to gather another individual’s credit card information. This information is used to help the criminal access items, but it is at the victim’s expense.
One of the biggest computer crime threats that the United States faces today involves criminals hacking into Government computers as a means to commit cyberwarfare. Cyberwarfare is implemented when the terrorist hacks into a private account to obtain classified information as a means to cause real world harm.
When a Government computer is hacked, it leaves Government officials to question our country’s network security system and our safety. Warring countries may commit espionage when a spy hacks into the Government’s computers and they can use this information as a means to commit cyber warfare.
Government reports concluded that China hacked or attempted to hack into the United States Government’s computers, which prompted President Barack Obama to create the position of a cyber security tsar and a cyber security office within the White House.

What are Hacking Social Anxieties?

What are Hacking Social Anxieties?

With the increased numbers of hacking and computer crimes committed every year, there are more and more social concerns associated with the crime. E-mail hacking and password hacking stand out as very strong examples of such. Although some forms of hacking can be quite harmless, other forms are considered to be computer crimes and, in some cases, can even be tried as a Federal offense.
 
 
Hacking can be committed in order to carry out some of the most common forms of cybercrimes such as: identity theft, fraud, harassment, cyberstalking, denial of services attack, information warfare, or even cyberterrorism.
 
 
In cases of identity theft or fraud, most times the perpetrator will hack into a secure account illegally as a means to collect another person’s private information and use it to spend the victim’s funds, to obtain the victim's funds, or to obtain funds or materials under a false identity. The criminal(s) will execute password hacking by hacking into the victim’s account in an effort to obtain their password to access the victim's e-mail account, bank, information, etc.
 
 
Oftentimes, spies will commit espionage by password hacking into the government computer system in order to obtain passwords to classified documents. One of the best ways to avoid becoming a victim of password hacking is to select an obscure password and to always log-out of an account.
 
 
Password hacking utilized to gain access into a victim's email account is also referred to as e-mail hacking. E-mail hacking can make the victim feel especially violated due to the private subject matter that is usually contained in an e-mail inbox (i.e. personal messages, financial information, work-related material, etc.). Although this e-mail hacking could be used for financial gain, e-mail hacking can also be used a way to harass or to commit cyberstalking.
 
 
Many times, criminals who harass or commit cyberstalking become involved with bothering their victim with unwanted e-mails, messages, photos, videos, etc. This form of harassment can turn into cyberstalking when the stalker continues to constantly harass their victim, even using this personal information to start physically stalking them.
 
 
Growing concerns can even relate to the government and forms of cyber threats that they receive. If a threat is imposed on a government, then it will affect the citizens as well. Cyberterrorism is a constant threat against the government when dealing with their country’s concerns through cyber space. The government is constantly looking for ways to combat these threats and to ensure safety within the public when it comes to cyber security.

What are Computer Hacking Crimes?

What are Computer Hacking Crimes?

With the number of reported computer crimes increasing (usually involving hacking) yearly, social concerns continue to grow. Even though some forms of hacking are not as serious, other forms are considered to be Federal offenses and morally devastating. For example, if a criminal begins hacking into a private account in order to obtain the victim's password to access the victim's e-mail account, bank/loan information, other private information, etc., the crime can be devastating to the victim. There are also growing concerns related to the Government and their fear of receiving cyber threats or the possibility of cyberterrorism.
 
 
Hacking Software
 
 
Hacking software can be easily obtained by downloading it online or purchasing it in a store. The hacking software is supposedly meant to be used as more of a business or ethical form of hacking. Hacking software may enable the user to break down networks into its existing grids, helping to identify vulnerabilities within the network's mainframe. It can also be used to crack passwords and to sniff out Internet networks. In some programs it can be used to tap into wireless networks accounts.