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The Facts About Piracy

What You Must Know About Piracy Prosecution

What You Must Know About Piracy Prosecution

While many people are unaware of the stiff legal and financial penalties for anyone caught up in a copyright infringement lawsuit, the consequences should be taken seriously.  A copyright infringement attorney will likely be able to defend an artist’s work against infringement and help them settle civil suits as well.
 
 
A copyright infringement attorney will need to prove that their client does indeed own the work and that the defendant violated those rights in order to be successful in a copyright infringement lawsuit. Cases involving these types of issues can be very confusing due to the nature of intellectual property ownership. Prosecution can be difficult unless there is valid proof of the offense.
 
 
If an individual is found guilty in a copyright infringement lawsuit, they will likely be told to stop utilizing the material. In addition, they will be told to destroy any copies that they have of the copyrighted material in order to ensure that they will not continue to utilize the material. First, however, the copyright infringement attorney must prove that the victim had the material copyrighted prior to the trial.
 
 
There is also a statue of limitations on copyright infringement lawsuits. Unfortunately, copyright owners may not realize that their intellectual property has been illegally obtained until the statute of limitations has expired. Many of these cases get very confusing, especially when estates are the owners of copyrighted material. For example, it may be relatives of J.D. Salinger that now own the copyright to Catcher in the Rye.
 
 
After copyright owners have passed away, the laws become even more confusing. It is difficult to understand what happens to royalties from copyrighted material as there are sometimes multiple owners. Cases can be based on several factors, but they are usually focused on applicable laws, which can vary by location. 
 
 
Copyright infringement attorneys sometimes base their cases on the Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988, which is an international treaty. This allows cases to be tried in multiple countries, depending on where the offense took place.
 
 
A Copyright infringement attorney will have a very specific field of practice. It is necessary to understand the intricate details involved in copyright laws, such as the difference between an idea and the expression of an idea, in order to be successful in a copyright infringement lawsuit. However, individual owners of copyrighted material may bring their own copyright infringement lawsuit if they feel that they understand the full scope of the laws. 
 
 
In any case, owners of intellectual property often suffer from copyright infringement. In fact, many of those individuals are never aware that their intellectual property was ever used without their permission. When they are aware, they can win large civil lawsuits if their case is handled correctly.

The Issue of Copyright in Television and Film

The Issue of Copyright in Television and Film

Copyright infringement of television and film, has been a problem for quite some time. In most major cities, individuals can obtain illegal copies of most movies for about a quarter the price of a legally obtained copy. Illegal copies of movies are sold on street corners, in stores and out of vehicles.
 
 
The police can not usually stop the blatant copyright infringement due to the sheer size of the operations. In fact, many criminals do not take the threat of enforcement of copyright protection laws very seriously. In addition to the criminal organizations, many individuals make copies of movies that they share with friends. 
 
 
Copyright infringement is a growing problem that is difficult to control due to the nature of the relationship between media and technology.
 
 
Sometimes, people violate copyright protection laws without realize it. For example, many videos are copyright protected in a manner that forbids them from being utilized in a public forum. For example, teachers may inadvertently violate some copyright protection laws by playing certain videos in their classrooms. However, that is only usually the case if a group of individuals is charged a fee to view the movie. 
 
 
For example, some towns host movie nights and invite the public to view a movie on a large screen at a park. Generally, that would not violate copyright protection laws, unless the town charges patrons to attend. However, there are some obvious forms of copyright infringement as it applies to television and films. 
 
 
For example, individuals can not enter a movie theatre and record a movie, simply because they paid for a ticket into the the theatre. That ticket only grants that individual the right to view the movie on that one occasion. In addition, many people rent movies and make copies of them before returning them to the video store. 
 
 
This is a violation of copyright protection laws. Many times, individuals are not familiar with the intricacies of copyright infringement violations. In fact, some people violate the law without even realizing it. However, it is the criminal enterprises that survive from selling merchandise while committing copyright infringement, that are one of the bigger problems for the industry.
 
 
Copyright infringement will continue to be a problem, as long as new technology continues to emerge at a pace faster than new laws do. The entertainment industry loses billion of dollars every year due to the crime. Due to the loss of revenue, patrons that legally view movies are forced to pay higher prices. 
 
 
Consumers often have the cost of crimes passed onto them through higher entertainment fees. As emerging technology is utilized for copyright protection, it is also used by criminals to commit copyright infringement.
 

Understanding Copyrights over the Internet

Understanding Copyrights over the Internet

In order to obtain copyrights, individuals generally must meet several requirements. They must be able to prove that they created the work and the timeline for that creation. In addition, they must know when it was first made publicly available. Lastly, they must not have voluntarily given up those rights by taking part in a user agreement on certain types of websites.
 
 
Like many laws, Internet copyright infringement laws have not been able to keep up with the speed of technology. Items found in public domains, such as the Internet, can have confusing laws that govern them. For example, any factual information cannot be copyrighted, as it is considered common knowledge. 
 
 
However, original ideas, or ideas expressed in a unique way, can be copyrighted even when in public domain. However, the distinction between an idea and the unique expression of an idea can get rather complicated, especially when that information is located in a public domain.
 
 
Internet copyright infringement is a common problem. However, there should be more obvious rules and regulations readily available to people that enter websites. In addition, laws must be constantly updated in order to keep pace with quickly changing technology. Public education campaigns, such as those found on some recent DVDs, can be highly effective. In addition, individuals that choose to publish their original works online should be sure that they protect it through copyright before doing so.

A Look at Music Copyright

A Look at Music Copyright

Music copyright infringement is one of the biggest problems governed by copyright laws. Artists in the music industry lose billions of dollars a year due to music copyright infringement. Criminals accomplish this feat in several ways. First, there are many music sharing and swapping websites on the Internetthat are not generally sponsored by the music industry, although some are. 
 
 
In addition, there are many ways to make thousands of illegal copies of a single legally obtained copy of a CD. In fact, much of the technology is available to any citizen at the local electronics store.While the technology is actually intended for individual use, it often utilized by those involved in criminal enterprises that involve the music industry.
 
 
With the advent of portable music devices such as the iPOD, more and more people are obtaining illegal music. The music industry has increased efforts to educate the public about the laws that govern music copyright infringement. Many portable music devices can store thousands of songs. The cost of legally obtaining that amount of songs, is prohibitive to most people. Many times, friends will share CD's to avoid paying for music. 
 
 
For example, friends may swap twenty Cd's each and then simply download the borrowed music onto their computer in order to upload it to their iPod later. Apple tried a strategy to avoid allowing individuals to easily commit music copyright infringement. Original iPODs had to continuously upload music from the same computer. That way, people couldn't just keep plugging their iPods into various computers and gain easy access to many music libraries free of charge. However, there are various other ways to obtain free music. 
 
 
Yet, the company's strategy may have prevented some music copyright infringement. While this problem seems rather small, it effects artists on a very large scale. It is very rare that individuals go to the store and pay full price for a CD anymore. The music industry has increased efforts to offer people a low cost alternative to paying full price for CD's. Individuals can pay a small fee and purchase individual songs online.
 
 
The Music industry loses copious amounts of money to criminal enterprises that survive by selling illegally obtained creative works that legally belong to the artists that created them. Unfortunately, most people do not think of the implications for the artist when they purchase illegal copies of music. The reality is that most artists in the music industry make most of their money in concerts and other performances. 
 
 
The fact is, they cannot count on money from the legal sale of their music, as it is likely that many illegal copies are in circulation. Law enforcement efforts have been stepped up to prevent further thefts of artistic works. However, their efforts will be useless until laws catch up to the newest technology.
 

What You Must Know About Copyright Infringement

What You Must Know About Copyright Infringement

Copyright infringement is a serious problem affecting all types of media and art. In fact, music copyright infringement is a growing problem on the Internet and in other arenas. In addition, illegal copies are then sold to the public. The television and film industry has suffered similar problems. Copies of movies are often illegally sold at a fraction of the original cost. 


The entertainment industry is currently working with law enforcement to enforce copyright infringement laws. However, like other laws, copyright infringement laws are often unable to keep pace with technology. Criminal enterprises constantly find new and creative ways to outsmart the language contained in copyright infringement laws.


Copyright infringement costs the entertainment industry billions of dollars every year. Many artists’ work is distributed on a mass scale, without the artist ever seeing a majority of the money made from such sales. There is, in fact, a large underground industry which makes money by underselling the artist and committing copyright infringement.


Copyrights entitle artists to exclusive rights to distribute, reproduce, or perform their own unique work and many people ignore those exclusive rights. Copyright infringement is a serious and growing crime that can incur stiff penalties. The reality is that most people commit copyright infringement on occasion without ever realizing it. However, the real problem is large networks of criminals that make their money of off copyrighted work. 


Today, many artists struggle to make money because their audiences can get their creative works cheaper by obtaining them illegally. Recently, copyright infringement laws have been utilized to impose large fines on individuals that obtained free or low cost music on the Internet via sharing websites. In fact, some individuals, even young children, have incurred fines that amounted to tens of thousands of dollars based on copyright infringement laws.


Individuals were accused of piracy even before copyright infringement existed as a law. As early as the 15th Century, people began making copies of literary works and other creative works without the artist’s permission. Essentially, many individuals illegally make a living off of the creative work of artists. In fact, artists currently make less money than they did before technology, such as the Internet, became so widespread. It is, in fact, very easy to obtain cheap or free copies of an artist’s work without their permission. 


The international community has begun to work together to impose harsher penalties, especially fines for individuals caught pirating artists’ works. Many DVDs now contain warnings that explain the crime of piracy and its penalties. In fact, part of the problem is that many people do not know the laws or do not take them seriously. So far, the public education campaign has failed to stop the mass copyright infringement that occurs every day.


Enforcement


Enforcement of copyright laws can sometimes be very difficult. In fact, it is very difficult to ascertain the guilty party’s identity when copyright infringement takes place on the Internet or in other public domains. However, international treaties have made it easier for guilty parties to be prosecuted across borders. Many times, those guilty of copyright infringement are not geographically located near the victim. In fact, those that violate copyright law may even be unsure who the victim is. In any case, the guilty party and victim do not generally meet unless they come face to face in the courtroom during a copyright infringement lawsuit. 


Owners of intellectual property must first locate those guilty of copyright infringement before any action can be taken. This process can take a long time as it is not always easy to identify those guilty before the statute of limitations runs out. There are so many ways for the offenders to hide their identity. 


Generally, the masterminds of crimes like this are hidden behind many levels of their gang. For example, those that sell illegal DVDs are likely to face criminal penalties before the person that is actually responsible for making the copies of the original material. Law enforcement can become overwhelmed by the pyramid-like structure of these criminal enterprises. In fact, individuals that make illegal personal copies of copyrighted material are much more likely to face criminal and civil penalties than those that benefit financially from the crime.


Prosecution


Prosecution of copyright violations is generally based on several factors. First, the owner of the copyright must be able to prove that they own the material and the timeline of when it was created. In addition, they must have the material copyrighted before anyone can be charged with violating ownership rights. Generally, in the United States copyright infringement is prosecuted by Federal courts according to an international treaty signed by approximately eighty countries. The treaty was meant to ensure intellectual property ownership across international borders.


Violators of copyright laws can be prosecuted in similar fashions around the world depending on where the violation took place. However, some countries are not a part of the treaty and pirates are rarely prosecuted in countries like that.


Music


Music is one of the most pirated types of intellectual entertainment material. In fact, there are numerous ways in which music is pirated. Copyright infringement is one of the biggest problems artists face. In fact, artists currently make most of their money by touring. The price of concert tickets has skyrocketed due to artists’ reliance on that income. 


Music is generally pirated on and from the Internet. There are many legitimate music sharing sites that charge users a fee, generally on a per song basis. However, there are also many illegal sites which allow users to trade music for free. In that case, the artist makes no money when individuals illegally acquire their copyrighted material.


Copyright owners have begun lawsuits against individuals that obtain their material for free online and through other venues. Some court cases have resulted in gigantic financial payouts to victims, sometimes in the tens of thousands of dollars. Some bands have actually lost fans due to their enthusiastic pursuit of individuals that violate their copyrighted material.  Many people in today’s generation tend to view artistic material as freely available to the public. However, prosecution for violation of copyright laws has continued to increase in recent times.


Television and Film


Like other forms of entertainment, the television and film industry is subject to crimes that involve piracy. There has recently been a campaign aimed at public education in regards to copyright infringement laws and penalties for violating such laws. The campaign has been somewhat effective especially because many people were unaware of the laws and penalties before the campaign.


In the ads that play at the beginning of many recently released DVDs, a person is shown stealing goods from a store and then the theft is compared to copyright infringement. The ad demonstrates the serious nature of both crimes. Getting the general public to change their beliefs about the rights of owners of intellectual property is the first step in stopping the continued abuse of copyrighted material.


Many people give no thought to the ownership of intellectual property. For example, news programs that play a clip of movie likely had to get permission to play that film clip. Many times, the public takes such things for granted, assuming that these types of media are available for public access and manipulation. However, efforts by the entertainment industry have made the public more aware of ownership rights and entitlements in regards to intellectual property.


Internet

  

Due to the nature of the Internet, copyright violations can be extremely difficult to track. In fact, with numerous public computers available in libraries and Internet cafes, it is fairly easy for people to obtain copyrighted material illegally without leaving much of a trail.  What many people do not realize is that they often become the victim of such crimes themselves.  


Many people mistakenly believe that their rights to intellectual property are guaranteed when they post certain works online. For example, many people maintain websites or pages on social networking sights. If a person were to publish personal works, they may be surprised to find that work freely available all over the Internet. In addition, they may find that the website is now the owner of that work. 


Also, many artists that have copyrighted their work find that individuals violate those rights on the Internet on a regular basis. Music, artwork, TV shows, and movies are readily available on the Internet. However, that intellectual property is oftentimes available illegally.  Eventually, technology will allow owners of intellectual property to protect their work from infringement.                            

The Facts About Piracy Enforcement

The Facts About Piracy Enforcement

It is sometimes difficult for law enforcement to penalize individuals that are guilty of violating copyright infringement laws. In fact, it is very difficult to identify the guilty parties due to the manner in which the intellectual property is generally illegally obtained. Technology has helped in the process of preventing the violation of copyright infringement laws, but it has also made it easier for people to violate copyrights without being easily identified. 
 
 
First, most DVDs now have technology that prevents them from being copied, but emerging technology still makes it possible to copy them. There are additional security standards put in palace within the entertainment industry but security measures rarely outlast emerging technology. Many websites allow individuals to report copyright infringement, sometimes offering those individuals rewards for doing so.
 
 
The United States government can prosecute individuals that are suspected of violating copyright infringement laws. Many times, it is the owner of a copyright that takes it upon themselves to report copyright infringement. Generally, they consult their attorney before they report copyright infringement in order to offer themselves added protection from future infringement. 
 
 
In other cases, web programs report copyright infringement to the owners of copyrighted material, through programs that follow the trail of intellectual property around the Internet. 
 
 
Many companies in the entertainment industry have taken added security measures to prevent the public from inadvertent breaking copyright infringement laws. Unlike other property crimes, a person that breaks copyright laws is not accused of theft. In no way do they prohibit the copyright owner from utilizing their own material, they simply illegally obtain the material. They are accused of infringing upon the rights of the copyright owner. They can be prosecuted in several ways. 
 
 
The abuse of intellectual property, or copyright, can be punishable in civil court. The copyright owner can also have them prosecuted in criminal court.
 
 
Copyright infringement laws are meant to be utilized to protect intellectual property. In order for the laws to work, someone must first report copyright infringement. It can take a long time between the initial violation of copyright and the actual time that someone is able to report copyright infringement. In the interim, copyright owners can lose copious amounts of money, while the material is continuously copied and distributed at a lower cost than what the owner would charge. 
 
 
In addition, there is a statue of limitation on copyright infringement, which can expire before the owner realizes the crime has taken place.
 

A Brief History of Piracy

A Brief History of Piracy

The history of piracybegan with maritime piracy. Traditionally, piracy is thought of as taking place on boats at sea. In fact, maritime piracy is still very common even today. Any ship that attempts to commit a crime against another ship in a major body of water, or even when docked, is committing the crime of piracy. Activity between ships during acts of war, are not considered to be included under the international laws of maritime piracy. 
 
 
The earliest documented cases of maritime piracy were in the 13th century BC. Many times, the crime included the kidnapping of individuals to be used as slaves. One of the most famous kidnappings was that of Julius Cesar. In fact, he remained happy and polite during his time on the ship. However, after the ransom had been payed to gain his release, he sought the pirates and eventually had them put to death. Today, pirates  utilize sophisticated technology to track other ships. In fact, it is quite simple for them to learn what type of cargo is contained on target ships.
 
 
In early times, piracy was punishable by death. Often, pirates were hanged in a public display. On some occasions, the bodies were left to rot in public, adding to the humiliation of being caught. In those days, public executions were seen as entertainment and entire villages often tuned out to witness the display. Currently, maritime piracy is said to cost companies about sixteen billion dollars a a year in lost cargo and damages. 
 
 
The coasts of Somalia and Singapore are said to be the most dangerous for crossing ships. The highest incidents of maritime piracy happen there.  The incidences of piracy are increasing by large numbers every year. 
 
 
It is widely believed that corrupt government officials of many countries are involved in the attacks. Often, the ships are brought into ports, repainted and sold in the absence of proper paperwork. This would not occur if government officials were not compliant in the crime.
 
 
Piracy remains a problem for ships, even today. Although technology can be helpful in protecting ships from pirates, it can also help pirates in committing their crimes.  Most of the time, the crew on a ships is able to be released unharmed. However, in some cases, the pirates hold crew members for ransom. In addition, pirates have sometimes boarded luxury vessels and held the owners for ransom. 
 
 
Still, in most cases, people are released alive. It is true, however, that some people are murdered as a result of maritime piracy. Many in the international community have begun to work together in order to keep the waters safe.